CSEND conducted in-depth research on how to best include employment and decent work agenda into the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP), the successor instrument of the failed Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) devised and imposed  on heavily indebted countries by the IMF and the World Bank. CSEND drafted a major document titled "Decent Work and Poverty Reduction Strategies: An ILO Advocacy Guidebook" and developed a 24 role negotiation simulation concerning  the PRSP negotiation process as a vehicle to strengthen the capacities of the line ministries, social actors and labour unions to parrticipate in the PRSP process. The Guidebook was published by ILO, Geneva, April 2005.  The simulation was pilot-tested and later on applied in training workshops in Ethiopia (2003),  Cameroon (2005), Madagascar (2006) and so on.