Saner, R. 2005. Development Diplomacy by Non-State-Actors: An Emerging Form of Multistakeholder Diplomacy. Malta: DiploFoundation.

 
Abstract
This article describes development diplomacy in the context of international cooperation for poverty reduction in Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs). In particular, the authors describe the goal of the International Labour Organisation (ILO)- a non-state actor- to advocate inclusion of Employment and Decent Work (DW) in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP). The PRSPs are the successor policy instruments of the failed Strategic Adjustment Programmes (SAP). Both programmes, SAP and PRSP are instruments which were developed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) to help highly indebted Least Developed Countries (LDCs) restructure in order to get these countries out of deep poverty. However, none of the PRSPs so far emphasize policies that lead to job creation, which the ILO would like to see be included in future PRSPs.

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