According to a review of Bolivia's energy sector conducted last year by the Centre for Socio Eco-Nomic Development (CSEND), the most significant subsidies are centred on the country's hydrocarbon resources. The research concluded that subsidies are an inefficient way for Bolivians to benefit from the profits of hydrocarbon exploitation.

This Diplomacy Dialogue policy paper discusses the economic, social and political outlook of one of the poorest Latin American countries: Bolivia. It focuses on the country’s trade, energy and environment spheres, emphasizing conditions and future challenges to be faced. For this purpose, Bolivia’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats are analyzed in each sphere, followed by recommendations. The study closes with a three-legged plan of action offering policy alternatives on a global, regional and local level, which may provide Bolivia with strategies for achieving greater development and growth through economically, socially and environmentally sustainable actions.