Some consider economic and commercial diplomacy to be a fairly recent addition to the work of professional diplomats, who previously tended to concentrate almost exclusively on political tasks. Such diplomacy employs economic resources, either as rewards or sanctions, in pursuit of particular foreign policy objectives. This is sometimes called "economic statecraft"[1].

Commercial work, like other functional sectors, consular or cultural, was traditionally viewed with disdain, and represented a secondary career track for high-flying diplomats. However, in a globalised and interconnected world, economic and commercial diplomacy has gained added currency and led to persistent calls for “less geopolitics, more economics and commerce”

Turkey’s quest for EU membership will become more realistic, imminent and less threatening if a pro-active economic diplomacy could be pursued, as complementary to the traditional emphasis on the country’s geostrategic importance and bridging role between Islam and the West.

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The Financing for Development Office of the United Nations recently published an excerpt of Prof. Raymond Saner's ground breaking article on "The International Monetary Fund's Influence on Trade Policy: A Legal Critique" in its Newsletter, The Road to DOHA (link). The original article was published in the Journal of World Trade, 41(5): 931-981, 2007.

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Saner, R.; Worlds Apart? Exploring the Interface between Governance and Diplomacy. Business–Government-NGO relations: their impact on global economic governance: A case example from WTO negotiations on trade in educational services. Working Paper. CIGI/Loughborough University, Wilton Park, 23-25 June 2006.

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Saner, R., & Guilherme, R. 2006. ISO 22000's Potential Impact on World Trade in Agricultural Products, ISO Management Systems. March-April 2006, Pp. 5 - 8.

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Saner, R. & Hauser, C. 2004. Comment fonctionnent les négociations AGCS? La Vie économique, 6: 20-24.

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